The Kendall House
was once home to Thomas Kendall, Jr., a
machinist who created a machine in 1820 that
maintained uniformity in the degrees of
thermometers. Thomas Kendall, Jr. established
that 32 degrees Fahrenheit was the freezing
point of water, and 212 degrees Fahrenheit was
the boiling point of water. He manufactured and
sold these thermometers, and they were accepted
by scientists all over the world as a standard
Thomas Kendall, Jr., was the only son of Rev.
Thomas Kendall to arrive to maturity. Rev.
Thomas Kendall was born in Massachusetts, and
was a missionary to the Narragansett Indians as
well as a chaplain in the Revolutionary War. It
was in Millbury, Massachusetts where Thomas
Kendall, Jr. was born. In 1820, he and his wife
and children moved to New Lebanon, New York, and
built a thermometer factory. Thomas Kendall, Jr.
and his sons ran the Kendall factory together.
While operating, this factory produced over 500
thermometers a day, and was the majority
supplier of thermometers in the country during
the 19th century. One of Thomas Kendall Jr's
sons, John Kendall, inherited much of his
father's mechanical genius, and took over the
factory after his father's death. Thomas
Kendall, Jr. died in 1831 at the age of 45.